Eisenhower moves to expand US nuclear weapons, October 30, 1953
The document also made clear the connection between military spending and a sound American economy. NSC 162/2 was evidence of Eisenhower’s “New Look” policy, which sought a more long-haul approach to security planning aimed at maintaining a more or less constant level of military preparedness, consistent with the health of the US economy.
After the expensive Korean War and with no end to the Cold War in sight, Eisenhower was concerned that the Cold War period would drain US resources, leaving the country unprepared for other possible conflicts and security concerns.
While still keeping nuclear weapons available for use as other weapons against Communist forces, NSC 162/2 looked to balance massive military expenditures and the booming American economy and domestic standard of living of the time.
Eisenhower’s New Look and NSC 162/2 brought about significant spending on aero/military/defense electronics and components as they grew the number of atomic weapons from 1000 in 1953 to more than 18,000 by the time Eisenhower left office in 1961.
Budget cuts instead came through decreased troop levels. During the same period, America's military budget dropped from $50 billion to an average of $34 billion.
- Satellite error nearly causes nuclear war, September 26, 1983
- Regional energy solutions combine sun, wind, nuclear
- Atomic bomb drops on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945
- 1st nuclear-powered aircraft carrier launches, September 24, 1960
- 1st nuclear-powered merchant ship docks, August 22, 1962
- Britain drops its first H-bomb, May 15, 1957
- Three Mile Island accident occurs, March 28, 1979
For more moments in tech history, see this blog. EDN strives to be historically accurate with these postings. Should you see an error, please notify us.
Editor's note: This article was originally posted on October 30, 2012 and edited on October 30, 2016.