EDN Access -- 09.01.94 Two LEDs perform rudimentary spectral analysi
Design Ideas:September 1, 1994
Two LEDs perform rudimentary spectral analysis
A pair of LEDs having different wavelengths can supply the stimulus for a rudimentary spectral analysis during quality-control sorting operations. By measuring the reflectance of each LED, the circuit in Fig 1 can provide information about the spectral response of the object under test. The circuit's operation is akin to the human eye's using three receptors to deduce information about the entire visible spectrum.
Isomatik Sortex Ltd, Pazardjik, Bulgaria
The circuit in Fig 1 has two emitters, D1 and D2, but only one sensor, a TI TSL250 integrated photo receiver, IC1. The clock circuit, IC2, IC3, and associated components multiplex the single sensor between the two LEDs' outputs, as well as sampling the ambient light.
IC3's Q1 and Q6 outputs turn on an LED and its corresponding S/H amplifier via the NAND-gate chains. The delay networks at the inputs of the NAND-gate chains going to the sensor's S/H ICs compensate for the sensor's output-response delay.
IC3's Q4 and Q0 outputs, diode-ORed together, take a sample of the ambient light when the LEDs are off. The circuit subtracts this reading from the LEDs' readings. The MAX 720 programmable filter, IC4, cleans up the outputs of two LEDs' reading.
Potentiometers R1 and R2 allow you to adjust the LEDs' current between 25 and 400 mA. (DI#1580)EDN Magazine. EDN is a registered trademark of Reed Properties Inc, used under license.